Digestive system (esophagus, stomach, intestines, liver, pancreas and gall bladder),
Abdominal and intra-abdominal organs, including hernias,
Breast, skin and soft tissue,
Transplantation surgery is in the field of "General Surgery".
Treatments Applied in the General Surgery Department
1- Diagnosis and Treatment of Thyroid Diseases
Some of the changes or functional differentiations in the thyroid glands are treated by general surgery department.
Thyroid Nodules FNA (fine needle Aspiration Biopsy):
Fine needle ablation biopsy used to determine whether the nodules in the thyroid glands are benign or malignant: it is a reliable, inexpensive and moreover easy diagnostic method. Before the FNA procedure is performed, the locations of the nodules are determined exactly and the biopsy is performed quickly.
Goiter Operations: Goiter disease is known enlargement of the thyroid glands. Goiter surgeries are performed because of the goiter disease, cannot be treated to this disease, the nodules in the gland outgrowth, and the possibility of cancerous cells to form in the nodules. When cancerous cells are detected, there is a possibility that the thyroid glands will be completely removed.
Drug Treatment and Follow-up of Thyroid Diseases when surgery is unneedful surgery for treatment:If the patients have normal blood values and they have not malignant nodules,this disease is try to under the control with medication treatment before surgical treatment. The patient's condition is monitored periodically and surgical intervention is not applied if it is not necessary. Hormone therapy with medication is sufficient for some patients to control goiter diseases.
2- Diagnosis and Treatment of Breast Diseases
Masses may occur with the effects of genetic reasons and the menopause period. The surgical methods can be applied for the treatment, determine according to the structure of the masses.
Thin and Thick Needle Biopsy (TRU-CUT) in the Diagnosis of Breast Masses: Breast biopsies are performed by determining the exact location of the mass after ultrasonography. In fine needle biopsy, cells can be taken from the masses with the help of a standard injector. Thick needle biopsy, also known as TRU-CUT, is performed with special devices and tissue samples are taken from the masses quickly. During the biopsy procedure, local anesthesia is applied to the patient and so the patient has no pain.
Removal and Follow-up of Benign Breast Masses: If the masses do have not cancer cells, they are known as benign masses. Benign breast masses are removed with surgical method. Removed masses must be examined after surgery. Although the problem is not detected and it is diagnosed that the masses are not harmful, the patient's controls should be done regularly.
Breast Cancer Surgery, Breast-Conserving Surgery and Follow-up: Breast cancer is an important disease that include complicated treatment process. Chemotherapy, radiotherapy and hormone therapy can be applied along with surgical intervention.
If breast cancer is detected in the early stages, masses containing cancer cells are surgically removed from the breast. In the meantime, if the masses are removed together with the surrounding fat tissues, this procedure is called breast-conserving surgery. In breast-conserving surgery, the size of the tumor, the patient's preferences, and general health status are taken into consideration. The tumor can be revealed clearly and a healthy tissue can be preserved in the operations with the sentinel lymph node marking method.
3- Diagnosis and Treatment of All Diseases in the Abdomen
The surgeons improve the patient's health by choosing the most appropriate surgical methods when occur some diseases in the abdomen and intra-abdominal organs for different reasons.
Endoscopic Procedures (Gastroscopy, Colonoscopy): Gastroscopy is the method that allows visualization of the stomach, duodenum, and esophagus of patients who have some complaints such as blood coming from the mouth, abdominal pain, burning, souring, swallowing difficulties. It is a safe method used in the diagnosis of cancerous cells and diseases. Also, Colonoscopy is an imaging method that enables the diagnosis of intestinal diseases and cancerous cells.
Gallbladder Surgery (with Laparoscopic Method): Gallbladder surgeries are performed with the closed method by the reasons of the rapid growth of the polyps and for cause different problems in the gallbladder. Patients are treated with the laparoscopic method, which is safe and has a short recovery period and the patients can return to their daily lives in a short time.
Surgery of Benign Stomach, Intestinal Diseases and Cancers of These Regions (Laparoscopic or Open Method): Both open and closed surgical methods are used in the treatment of stomach and intestinal diseases as well as cancers detected in this region. Surgeons decide whether to apply open or closed methods, taking into account factors such as the spread of the disease and the health status of the person.
Appendicitis Surgery with Laparoscopic Method: Appendicitis problems that occur with symptoms such as severe abdominal pain, loss of appetite, nausea and fever can be treated with closed technique. After the operations performed with minimal incisions from the navel region, the rate of scarring is minimal.
4- Diagnosis and Treatment of Abdominal Wall Hernias
The main reasons that occur to hernias are loosening of the abdominal wall and displacement of intra-abdominal tissues or organs. Also hernia may occur due to increased intra-abdominal pressure, COPD, intra-abdominal tumors, obesity, weight-bearing. Hernias and complaints of hernias are reduce the patient's quality of life, and if not treated, it can cause some problems such as giant hernia,hernia strangulation and intestinal decomposing.
Inguinal Hernia Surgery (Open and Laparoscopic Methods): Inguinal hernias, which are caused by weakening of the abdominal wall in the inguinal regions, can be treated with open or closed surgical techniques.
Umbilical Hernia Surgery (Open and Laparoscopic Method): Outward bulging of the belly button is the most basic indicator of umbilical hernia. As a result of the congenital weakness of the abdominal wall in this region, umbilical hernias are often seen in women. It requires surgical intervention with the open or closed method.
Incisional Hernia Surgery (Open and Laparoscopic Method): Hernias sometimes occur in the areas where incisions were made during the surgery in patients. There is a possibility of hernia formation in these regions shortly after the operation or after many years of the operation. Incisional hernias can be treated with a patch.
5- Diagnosis and Treatment of Anal Region Diseases
Benign and malignant diseases can be seen in the anus region. Examples of the most common anal region diseases are hemorrhoids, perianal abscess and anal fissure. These problems can be eliminated with surgery or laser treatment methods.
Hemorrhoid Surgery (Laser and Open Method): Hemorrhoid disease, which can be seen inside and outside the anus and this disease reduces the quality of life of patients. Although it can be controlled by changing nutritional habits and medications in the initial stages, laser and surgical treatment methods may be required in the future.
Anal Fissure Surgeries: Anal fissure disease known as crack formation in the anus, can be performed with techniques such as PARKS and Lateral Internal Sphincterotomy, depending on the size and condition of the crack and whether there is a different problem accompanying the disease.
General Surgery is a branch of medicine that has a wide scope and also this branch requires specialization. Incarnatus surgeries known as pilonidal cysts are also included in this specialty. At the same time, bariatric surgery operations are performed by general surgeons. Sleeve Gastrectomy, Gastric Band, Duodenal Switch, Gastric Bypass operations are performed according to the patient's weight, age, health status, and body mass index values.
As Private Ata Health Hospital, Our doctors diagnose patient's problems clearly and start the treatment process after detailed examinations in our general surgery clinic. Our professional general surgeons apply the truest and most advanced surgical methods for the patients to regain their health.